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Health Screenings for women between 18 – 39 years

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Visiting your healthcare provider for regularly health screenings is important, even if you are healthy. The purpose of the visits include:

  • Screening for medical problems
  • Updating vaccinations
  • Encouraging a healthy lifestyle
  • Assessing your risk for medical problems in the future
  • Helping you know your health provider better

Your routine health screenings can help you avoid several issues. For example, you can only know if you have high blood pressure from regular checkups. People with high cholesterol levels and blood sugar do not usually experience symptoms in the early stages of these conditions, but a simple blood test can identify them.

Different screenings are available, but the following screening guidelines apply for women between 18 – 39 years.  

Blood pressure screening

  • You need to check your blood pressure at least every two years. When your blood pressure reading is between 129/80 to 139/89 mmHg or above, you need to check it every year.
  • When systolic blood pressure reading is 130 or above and your diastolic reading is above 80, schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to know how you can reduce your blood pressure.
  • In case you have diabetes, kidney problems, heart disease or other conditions, you may need to check your blood pressure more often, at least once every year.

Cholesterol screening

  • The recommended age to start cholesterol screening for women with no known risk factor for coronary heart disease is 45, but for women with certain risk factors for coronary heart disease, cholesterol screening should start from age 20.
  • Women who have normal cholesterol levels do not need to repeat the test every five years.
  • You can repeat testing sooner if you have changes in your lifestyle, including diet changes and weight gain.
  • If you have diabetes, kidney problems, heart disease and other condition, you may need closer monitoring.

Diabetes screening

  • When your blood pressure is 130/80 mmHg or above, you may need to test your blood sugar for diabetes
  • If any circumstances your BMI is more than 25, you are overweight, and if you are 35 and overweight, you need diabetes screening.
  • In case have known risk factors for diabetes, like a family history of heart disease or a first-degree relative who has diabetes, your healthcare provider may recommend diabetes screening.
  • overweight with other risk factors, including high blood pressure and want to get pregnant, your doctor will recommend screening.

Dental Exam

  • Ensure you visit your dentist 1 – 2 times every year for dental exams and cleaning. Your dental professional will evaluate your dental health to know if you need dental checkups more often.

Eye exam

  • If you have vision problems, you will need an eye exam every two years or more, depending on your provider’s recommendation.
  • If you have diabetes, you will need an eye exam at least once every year.

Immunisations

  • You need a flu shot every year
  • On or before 19 years, you should get a tetanus-diphtheria and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine as one of the tetanus-diphtheria vaccines if you didn’t get the vaccine when you were an adolescent. The tetanus-diphtheria booster should be administered every ten years
  • You need two doses of varicella vaccine if you haven’t had the varicella vaccine or chickenpox.
  • If you’ve not been immunised for MMR, you should get 1 – 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). Your physician will inform you if you are immune.
  • Your healthcare provider may recommend getting other immunisations if you have a risk of certain conditions like pneumonia

Ensure you ask your provider about getting the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection if you are between 19 – 26 years and

  • Haven’t completed the vaccine series
  • Haven’t received the HPV vaccine

Infectious disease screening

  • Sexually active women require screening for gonorrhoea and chlamydia until age 25. Women above 25 can get screened if they have a high risk for these infections.
  • Adults between 18 – 79 need one-time hepatitis C testing.
  • Depending on your medical history and lifestyle, you may need screening for infections such as HIV and syphilis.

Physical exam

  • Cervical screening should start from age 21
  • Check your blood pressure every 1 – 2 years
  • Measure your BMI, weight and height at every physical exam

Also ask your health provider questions about the following during your full health check London.

  • Tobacco and alcohol use
  • Depression
  • Safety issues
  • Exercise and diet

Breast cancer screening

  • Women can carry out breast self-exam every month, but experts disagree on the benefits of breast self-exams in saving lives and detecting breast cancer
  • A mammogram is not recommended for people below 40 years
  • If you had a relative who had breast cancer at a young age, consider getting mammograms every year. Start the breast screening at an earlier age than when the youngest family member got diagnosed
  • If you have other breast cancer risk factors, your healthcare professional may recommend an MRI scan, breast ultrasound and mammogram
  • Consult your healthcare provider immediately if you notice changes in your breast, whether you carry out breast self-exams or not.
  • If you are between 18 – 39, your healthcare professional may perform a clinical breast exam.

Cervical cancer screening

Cervical screening is recommended from age 21. After the first screening:

  • Women between 21 – 29 need a Pap smear every three years, but HPV testing is not recommended for this age group
  • Women from 30 – 65 need a Pap smear every three years or HPV testing every five years
  • If you or your sex partner has a new partner, consider a Pap test every three years.
  • Women who have received precancer (cervical dysplasia) treatment need a Pap smear for 20 years after the treatment or until 65 years, depending on which is longer.
  • You may not need Pap Smears if you removed your cervix and uterus (total hysterectomy) and haven’t been diagnosed with cervical cancer

Skin self-exam

  • Your healthcare provider may check your skin for skin cancer signs, especially if you have a high risk of developing the condition.
  • People with a high risk include those with close relatives who have had skin cancer, persons with a weakened immune system and people who previously had skin cancer.

Other screenings

  • Consult your doctor about colon cancer screening if you have a family history of polyps or colon cancer or had polys or inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Women below 40 do not need routine bone density screening.

You can contact www.privategps.london today to schedule an appointment for your routine health screening.  

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